Sopranrauschpfeife
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  Rauschpfeiff Der Sackpfeyffer zu Linden
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The rauschpfeiff is a double-reed wood-wind instrument with a conical bored tube without a bell. The double-reed resides in a windcap. It has 8 medium sized fingerholes whereby the eight hole is fingered with the left thumb. Crossfingerings can be used. Keys don't exist. The scale has a range of about a twelfth whereby it's overblown once. Rauschpfeiffs are build in the sizes sopranino (lowest tone f1), soprano (lowest tone c1), alto (lowest tone f0) and tenor (lowest tone c0). The instrument has a moderate large range to slide the tones in relation to European wood-wind instruments. Rauschpfeiffs are typical instruments of the Renaissance and were developed from the medieval shawm. The simply constructed tube was maintained. The cone has a larger gradient in comparison with the Renaissance shawm of same pitch, that results in a shorter length of the instrument and a louder sound.

The scale of the soprano rauschpfeiff shown above encloses c1d1-g2 and it's tuned up to the tuning pitch a1 = 440 Hz. The strongly changing sound of the rauschpfeiff is very different in comparison with the Renaissance shawm. The sound has a very nasal timbre in the lowest range. The sound is similar to the Renaissance shawm in the middle range. The sound in the overblowing range is very unique. This unique sound may be the reason for the name "Rauschpfeife" in German language.



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© Sönke Kraft, Hannover 2002
last update: 10.08.2005