Renaissance sopranpo rauschpfeiff in c
Renaissance sopranpo rauschpfeiff in c 
300 dpi JPEG 
  Rauschpfeiff Der Sackpfeyffer zu Linden
 Hier geht's zur deutschsprachigen Version
Go here to the German version

The rauschpfeiff is a double-reed wood-wind instrument with a conical bored tube with a bell which is integrated in the tube. The double-reed resides in a windcap. It has eight medium sized fingerholes whereby the eight hole is fingered with left thumb. Cross fingerings can be used. The rauschpfeiff has a scale range of about a twelfth whereby it's overblown once. Today the rauschpfeiffs are build in c/f-pitch in sizes sopranino (lowest tone f¹), soprano (lowest tone c¹), alto (lowest tone f⁰) and tenor (lowest tone c⁰). The instrument has a large range to slide tones in relation to European wood-wind instruments. The rauschpfeiffs are typical instruments of the Renaissance and were developed from the medieval shawm. The simply constructed tube was maintained. The cone has a larger gradient in comparison with the Renaissance shawm of same pitch, that results in a shorter length of the instrument and a louder sound. The strongly changing sound of the rauschpfeiff is very different in comparison with the Renaissance shawm. The sound has a very nasal timbre in the lowest range. The sound is similar to the Renaissance shawm in the middle range. The sound in the overblowing range is very unique. This unique sound may be the reason for the name "Rauschpfeife" in German language.


double-reed for renaissance soprano rauschpfeiff
double-reed for renaissance soprano rauschpfeiff 
300 dpi JPEG 

More recently the rauschpfeiffs in d/g-pitch are build for an easier playing together with the Marktsackpfeife. The smallest instrument with lowest tone g² sounds an octave higher than the chanter of the Marktsackpfeife. The largest instrument with lowest tone g⁰ sounds an octave lower than the chanter of the Marktsackpfeife. Three other sizes are build. The instrument with lowest tone d² sounds a fifth higher than the chanter of the Marktsackpfeife. The instrument with lowest tone g¹ sounds equal to the chanter of the Marktsackpfeife. The instrument with lowest tone d¹ sounds a fourth lower than the chanter of the Marktsackpfeife. These instruments are derived from the chanter of the Marktsackpfeife. These instrumnets can often be used as the chanters in the Marktsackpfeifes of same producer.

The soprano rauschpfeiff shown above has a scale range of c¹d¹-g² and it's tuned up to tuning pitch a¹ = 440 Hz.



Shawm
Shawm
Zurna
Zurna
Top
Top
Main page
Main page
© Sönke Kraft, Hannover 2002
last update: 25.10.2015